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MHPSS in Guinea Conakry – A Literature Review
english ebola

MHPSS in Guinea Conakry – A Literature Review

The World Health Organization (WHO) requested a Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) literature review of countries impacted by the Ebola virus, including Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. International Medical Corps expressed an interest in completing the review for Guinea and commissioned a rigorous review of the literature on pre-existing information relevant to mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in Guinea, in the French and English languages. This report presents the findings using an integrated psychological and anthropological framework that is instrumental in understanding MHPSS needs, and how to devise culturally-appropriate MHPSS interventions in Ebola-affected areas.

The report outlines the key findings of the existing academic and grey literature related to Guinean mental health and psychosocial issues and services, with a specific emphasis on the recent Ebola humanitarian crisis. The review was conducted in June-July 2015 and identified relevant academic publications using academic search engines and databases (Google scholar, Medline, Pubmed, PSYCHinfo, APA psycNET, and Anthrosource). The search was extended through manual searches on Google in French and English, and in the journals: Social Science and Medicine; Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, Transcultural Psychiatry; and Medical Anthropology. Researchers with relevant expert knowledge were also consulted. The overall search identified academic sources, but also relevant reports, policy documents and internet resources.

The report introduces general background information regarding the population of Guinea, its religions, history, politics, economics and health. It subsequently summarizes information on mental health and psychosocial issues including prevalence, local nosologies, help-seeking strategies, formal and informal resources of MHPSS sources of support. There is discussion of the ways in which causes and course of illness and misfortune are intertwined with plural cosmologies and with individuals’ relationships with the living, the dead, the spirit world, and nature itself. Finally, the humanitarian crisis of Ebola in Guinea is explored, alongside responses to it, and its social and psychological ramifications for the affected population.

The scholarly and grey literature available on MHPSS specifically in Guinea was limited and thinly spread over many documents. This presented a challenge when writing this report and we acknowledge that there may have been further relevant material to be found in sources that did not focus specifically on MHPSS, but which it was not possible to obtain within the time-scale of the review. Nonetheless, we hope the report can provide useful insights for policy-makers, donors, governments and service-providers.

To access review please visit http://mhpss.net/?get=268/Guinea-MHPSS-Literature-Review-2015-English1.pdf or download Guinea MHPSS Literature Review 2015 English here.

 

Guidance to provide MHPSS care for pregnant women and for families with microcephaly in the context of Zika virus
ZIKA IMAGE
Psychosocial support for pregnant women and for families with microcephaly and other neurological complications in the context of Zika virus
Interim guidance for health-care providers

 

On 1 February 2016 WHO announced that a cluster of microcephaly and other neurologic disorders reported in Brazil is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Several countries have reported an increase in the incidence of cases of microcephaly and/or Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) (2) concurrent with Zika virus outbreak. A causal relationship between Zika infection during pregnancy and microcephaly is strongly suspected, though not scientifically proven.

This document describes guidance for a supportive response by healthcare providers (e.g. physicians, nurses), focusing primarily on women affected by Zika virus infection during pregnancy and their families, for their mental health and psychosocial needs.

Translations of this document in Spanish and Portuguese will also soon be available on mhpss.net. To access these and other resources related to  this crisis please go to  Zika – Microcephaly, Emergency Response, 2016.

 

 

3.1. Types of Resources

You can upload documents such as word files, PDF files, power point presentations and photos. Maximum file size is 5 MB. You can also view and download these resources, depending on the permission settings applied to them. For instance, some resources will be accessible only to members of a particular group. Once you have read them, take some time to rate or review them so that others can find them to be useful. You can also add one or more keywords to a resource to help others find it more easily. Read more about these options below.

3.2. Adding Resources

You can currently add documents (word, excel, powerpoints, PDF) and photos. Videos and images can be uploaded as well. Please abide by our community rules for posting videos. mhpss.net reserves the right to remove images and videos that violate these rules. Links to videos can be posted to groups or profile, and the video will then be accessible/viewable on the site.

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Step 1: Go to the group where you want to upload the resource. Click on the ‘Resources’ button on the sub-navigation bar underneath the group image.

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Step 2: Click on ‘Upload Resources’ tab below the sub navigation bar, follow the instructions and upload the document.

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Step 3: You can set the resource as recommended in the group by selecting ‘recommended resource’. You can also add your resource to other groups by selecting them from the list.

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Step 4: Select from the list of the keywords, those keywords which describe your resource in the best way. Other members can also add keywords to resources you have uploaded. Each resource can have up to 8 keywords.

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Step 5: Click ‘upload’

3.3. Creating An Editable Document

A google document can be edited by members who have shared access. Create a google document by following the steps below:

Step 1: Create a google account by following the steps on www.google.com. Click on the google drive icon from the apps menu after signing in to your account.

Inbox (1) - chathuri@mhpss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2: Click on ‘Documents>Create New’ and select the type of document you would like to create.

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Step 3: Click on the ‘Share’ tab at the top right and add the email addresses of the people with whom you want to share the document. You can select whether they view and/or edit.

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Step 4: Copy-paste the link of the document with the relevant members either via a site message or via a status update on your profile or via the relevant group.

3.4. Editing Resources

Step 1: Go to the group to which the document has been uploaded to and click on ‘resources’ in the sub-navigation bar.

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Step 2: Select the document you want to edit and click on the ‘edit’ tab.

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Step 3: You can edit the document details (title, description, keywords etc) using the links provided. However, you can edit only the documents you have uploaded. You can edit any document in the group if you are the group admin.

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3.5. Searching for Resources

Step 1: Go to the Resources page and search for the resource you need. You can do this by entering the keyword(s)you are looking for or the title of the resource in the search box provided. The search will look in both the title and description.

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Step 2: You can also order the results by ‘newest’ or ‘alphabetical’.

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Step 3: OR if you are on another page, type the name or any other key word into the google search box. Using the google search box on the site will result in a search of the entire site and therefore the results will include more than the resources. You can select which areas of the site to look in by clicking on the cog located next to the search box.

 

Google search

 

 

3.6. Viewing Resources

Step 1: On the Resources page, resources can be viewed, sorted either by ‘newest’ or ‘alphabetical’ order.

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Step 2: If you want to view documents that belong to a particular group, click on the relevant group from the list shown on the right hand side of the Resources page.

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Please note: Private Groups and Hidden Groups will only be displayed if you are a member.

Step 3: Resources can also be viewed via the ‘Groups’ pages. Go to the relevant group, click on ‘Resources’ on the sub-navigation bar below the group image.

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Step 4: Here, you can sort the documents either by ‘newest’, ‘alphabetical’ or ‘Most Popular’.

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3.7. Sharing Resources

Sharing Resource Between Groups

You can share resources you have uploaded to other groups to which you belong by clicking on those groups from the list provided, at the time of uploading or editing a resource. 

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Sharing resources via FB, Twitter, Outlook and more!

You can share the link to a resource by either clicking on any of the social media/application icons next to the resource descriptions, or clicking on the ‘share’ button below and selecting the appropriate application through which you want to share the resource.

Catholic Relief Services A Manual for Psychosocial Intervention  Mental Health_2014-05-20_21-49-05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Activity streams mentioning resources can be shared subject to permissions, using the ‘share’ button as well.  However, it would be essential to be a member and log in, in order to access the resource.

3.8. Rating and Commenting on Resources

Rating Resources

You can rate resources that you upload, have read or used in your work by hovering over the stars in the navigation bar.

Step 1: Click on the resource you want to rate.

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Step 2: Hover over the stars in the navigation bar and click when the number of stars you want to select are highlighted. .

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Commenting on Resources

You can comment on resources by going to the group in which the resource is located and clicking on the ‘comment’ link below the title and description of the resource.

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Comments can also be made on the activity feeds mentioning resources.

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