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MHPSS in Guinea Conakry – A Literature Review
english ebola

MHPSS in Guinea Conakry – A Literature Review

The World Health Organization (WHO) requested a Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) literature review of countries impacted by the Ebola virus, including Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. International Medical Corps expressed an interest in completing the review for Guinea and commissioned a rigorous review of the literature on pre-existing information relevant to mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in Guinea, in the French and English languages. This report presents the findings using an integrated psychological and anthropological framework that is instrumental in understanding MHPSS needs, and how to devise culturally-appropriate MHPSS interventions in Ebola-affected areas.

The report outlines the key findings of the existing academic and grey literature related to Guinean mental health and psychosocial issues and services, with a specific emphasis on the recent Ebola humanitarian crisis. The review was conducted in June-July 2015 and identified relevant academic publications using academic search engines and databases (Google scholar, Medline, Pubmed, PSYCHinfo, APA psycNET, and Anthrosource). The search was extended through manual searches on Google in French and English, and in the journals: Social Science and Medicine; Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, Transcultural Psychiatry; and Medical Anthropology. Researchers with relevant expert knowledge were also consulted. The overall search identified academic sources, but also relevant reports, policy documents and internet resources.

The report introduces general background information regarding the population of Guinea, its religions, history, politics, economics and health. It subsequently summarizes information on mental health and psychosocial issues including prevalence, local nosologies, help-seeking strategies, formal and informal resources of MHPSS sources of support. There is discussion of the ways in which causes and course of illness and misfortune are intertwined with plural cosmologies and with individuals’ relationships with the living, the dead, the spirit world, and nature itself. Finally, the humanitarian crisis of Ebola in Guinea is explored, alongside responses to it, and its social and psychological ramifications for the affected population.

The scholarly and grey literature available on MHPSS specifically in Guinea was limited and thinly spread over many documents. This presented a challenge when writing this report and we acknowledge that there may have been further relevant material to be found in sources that did not focus specifically on MHPSS, but which it was not possible to obtain within the time-scale of the review. Nonetheless, we hope the report can provide useful insights for policy-makers, donors, governments and service-providers.

To access review please visit http://mhpss.net/?get=268/Guinea-MHPSS-Literature-Review-2015-English1.pdf or download Guinea MHPSS Literature Review 2015 English here.

 

Summer School : Psychosocial Interventions in Migration, Emergency and Displacement
March 23, 2016
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SUMMER SCHOOL PIC
The Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna in Pisa, Italy, in collaboration with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is offering a: 

SUMMER SCHOOL PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS IN MIGRATION, EMERGENCY AND DISPLACEMENT
V Edition, A.Y. 2015-2016
Pisa, 11 – 23 July 2016

 

Key facts:

Location: Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna’s campus, Pisa, Italy

Lenght: 12 days, Monday-Saturday, full time
Working language: English
Scientific Board: Prof. Andrea de Guttry (Scuola Sant’Anna), Prof. Guglielmo Schininà (IOM Geneva), and Prof. Renos K. Papadopoulos (University of Essex)
Faculty includes renowned experts such as: 
Felicity de Zulueta (King’s College in London), Nina Papadopoulos (Consultant), Leslie Snider (War Trauma Foundation), Emmanuel Streel (UN Consultant), Peter Ventevogel (TPO), Oussama Safa (ESCWA). 

Participants:
The maximum number of participants is set at 30.
10 places are reserved to qualified IOM professionals/consultants that will be identified directly by IOM.
20 places will be assigned by the Scuola to qualified candidates following a public selection process.

TO APPLY ONLINE GO TO: http://www.santannapisa.it/psycho16/domande/

The application deadline for the first round is set on 29th April 2016, while the application deadline for the second round is set on 30th May 2016.

Applicants not having EU citizenship are strongly encouraged to apply for admission in the First Round, in order to have enough time to obtain their visa for Italy.

Description 
The focus of the Course is on providing a given frame of understanding of the psychosocial dimension of displacement and crisis-affected societies, while presenting harmonized ethics, approaches and tools associated with psychosocial support. The rationale of the course follows two paradigms: the intervention pyramid for MHPSS supports in emergency, and the psychosocial approach model which looks at the interconnectedness of the social, psychological and cultural anthropological aspects in responses, trying to identify best models and tools to look at this interconnection through the different level of the intervention pyramid.

The Course will enable participants to acknowledge the complexity of MHPSS Interventions in crisis situations, conceptualize holistic responses, understand the interrelation of the different sectorial responses and gain advanced specific knowledge in each sector of intervention. More in particular, it aims to acquaint participants with knowledge and skills in: Mental health and psychosocial paradigms in displacement: psychological, social, cultural and anthropological perspectives; International standards in MHPSS in Emergencies; How to foster a non-harmful humanitarian assistance in camp set up and coordination, health, food and non food items distribution; Principles of psychological first aid and psychological counselling; Care for the most vulnerables and referral; Medical/non medical responses; Small scale conflict management and transitional justice; Participatory needs assessment; Creative and art based interventions; Emergency psychosocial project cycle.

Target group
The course addresses the needs of psychologists, social workers, educators-teachers, medical doctors and psychiatrists, nurses, applied artists (e.g. dance therapists), humanitarian workers, emergency experts, development workers or similar, who meet the following minimum requirements:

  • Have at least a 3 years University degree or equivalent in relevant disciplines.
  • Have at least 2 years of work experience in a related field.
  • Have a proficient working knowledge of English.

Knowledge of any other language and/or any further relevant training, voluntary or professional experience would be an asset.  Relevant publications are also an advantage.

Methodology
The Course has a practical orientation and relies heavily on case studies to enhance participants’ skills and abilities to effectively provide psychosocial support. Practical exercises will include advanced role-playing and simulations. The participants’ and trainers’ field experience will be captured within sessions especially dedicated to knowledge and lessons learned sharing.

Tuition Fee 
The tuition fee is 1.650 EUR, due upon acceptance of admission by the participant or his/her sponsoring organization. It includes: participation in all lessons, reference material, tutorship, lunch/dinner at the canteen of the Scuola Sant’Anna for the entire length of the course, access to the library of the Scuola, and free access to the wireless connection within the Scuola premises. Accommodation is facilitated by the Scuola Sant’Anna but covered by the participants. Any other expenses – such as travel and visa costs – are to be covered by the participants.

Depending on financial availabilities, a limited number of scholarships may be offered, towards meeting the tuition fee, or travelling or living expenses.

Contact person
Course Project Officer: Ms Pasqualetta Campus
E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]  

More information: http://www.santannapisa.it/it/formazione/summer-school-psychosocial-interventions-migration-emergency-and-displacement

Guidance to provide MHPSS care for pregnant women and for families with microcephaly in the context of Zika virus
ZIKA IMAGE
Psychosocial support for pregnant women and for families with microcephaly and other neurological complications in the context of Zika virus
Interim guidance for health-care providers

 

On 1 February 2016 WHO announced that a cluster of microcephaly and other neurologic disorders reported in Brazil is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Several countries have reported an increase in the incidence of cases of microcephaly and/or Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) (2) concurrent with Zika virus outbreak. A causal relationship between Zika infection during pregnancy and microcephaly is strongly suspected, though not scientifically proven.

This document describes guidance for a supportive response by healthcare providers (e.g. physicians, nurses), focusing primarily on women affected by Zika virus infection during pregnancy and their families, for their mental health and psychosocial needs.

Translations of this document in Spanish and Portuguese will also soon be available on mhpss.net. To access these and other resources related to  this crisis please go to  Zika – Microcephaly, Emergency Response, 2016.

 

 

New Group: Zika – Microcephaly, Emergency Response, 2016. JOIN NOW..
February 7, 2016
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zika virus
New Group - Microcephaly, Emergency Response, 2016

 

The rapid spread of Zika virus across the globe, but especially in the Americas, and its association with congenital deformities in babies and neurological conditions in adults and children has been widely reported in recent weeks. The World Health Organization has declared that Zika Virus constitute a public health emergency of international concern.

This group is designated to provide a forum for discussion, sharing knowledge and practices on the ongoing initiatives for the Zika/Microcephaly emergency response. This can include sharing practices, case studies, guidelines, materials (Information, Educational and communication health materials), research results or work in progress which can support practitioners, researchers, policy makers to respond to this emergency.

Click this link to join the group on the Zika – Microcephaly, Emergency Response, 2016